RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AND TREATMENT COMPLIANCE IN CARDIOVASCULAR REHABILITATION

  • Pablo Luis Martino National University of Rosario, City of Rosario, Argentina
  • Juan Pablo Mora Penagos Psychological area in Argentine Red Cross, City of Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Eduardo Oscar Audisio National University of Rosario, City of Rosario, Argentina
  • Soraya Kerbage Favaloro Foundation, Argentina
  • Cristina Barrios Favaloro Foundation, Argentina
  • Carlos Lirio Favaloro Foundation, Argentina
  • José Luis Bonet Favaloro Foundation, Argentina

Abstract

Aim: Psychosocial factors have an impact in cardiovascular disease. It is postulated that psychosocial alterations might reduce treatment compliance among coronary artery disease (CAD) patients, which leads to a worse prognosis of cardiovascular disease. The aim of our study was to analyze the relationship between psychosocial factors and treatment compliance in CAD patients attending cardiovascular rehabilitation programs.


Method:  A descriptive (correlational) and cross-sectional study was designed. The sample included 70 adult patients, both males and females, attending the cardiovascular rehabilitation program at Favaloro Foundation, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


Four psychosocial instruments were administered for the assessment of anxiety (Beck Anxiety Inventory), depression (Beck II depression inventory), anger (STAXI-II) and functional capacity (Duke Activity Scale). Treatment compliance was defined in terms of attendance to cardiovascular rehabilitation sessions.


Results: Bivariate correlations revealed a positive association between the scores for anger control and treatment compliance, as well as a positive relationship between the scores for functional capacity and treatment compliance.


Conclusions: Psychosocial alterations correspond to a worse treatment compliance in cardiovascular rehabilitation programs. It is advisable for health care professionals to consider the psychosocial status of CAD patients on admission to rehabilitation programs.

Author Biographies

Pablo Luis Martino, National University of Rosario, City of Rosario, Argentina

Doctor in Psychology

Faculty of Psychology, National University of Rosario, City of Rosario, Argentina

Juan Pablo Mora Penagos, Psychological area in Argentine Red Cross, City of Buenos Aires, Argentina

Magister in Psychoimmunoneuroendocrinology

Psychological area in Argentine Red Cross, City of Buenos Aires, Argentina

Eduardo Oscar Audisio, National University of Rosario, City of Rosario, Argentina

Doctor in Psychology

Faculty of Psychology, National University of Rosario, City of Rosario, Argentina

Soraya Kerbage, Favaloro Foundation, Argentina

Cardiologist/Sports medicine physician

Coordinator of the Cardiac Rehabilitation Program. Favaloro Foundation, Argentina

Cristina Barrios, Favaloro Foundation, Argentina

Nurse

Member of the Cardiac Rehabilitation Program. Favaloro Foundation, Argentina

Carlos Lirio, Favaloro Foundation, Argentina

Physical education teacher

Member of the Cardiac Rehabilitation Program. Favaloro Foundation, Argentina

José Luis Bonet, Favaloro Foundation, Argentina

Psychiatrist/Mental Stress Center, Favaloro Foundation, Argentina

Published
2018-05-15
How to Cite
MARTINO, Pablo Luis et al. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS AND TREATMENT COMPLIANCE IN CARDIOVASCULAR REHABILITATION. Archives of Psychology, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 5, may 2018. ISSN 2573-7902. Available at: <https://archivesofpsychology.org/index.php/aop/article/view/44>. Date accessed: 25 may 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.31296/aop.v2i5.44.
Section
Research Articles

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